THE MOTHER’S PRIDE BABY SHOW MAKES A COME-BACK: WONDERLAND OF LI’L ONES

Each year, India’s most loved preschool Mother’s Pride hosts an exceedingly enchanting baby show event of the nation, which has been stirring fondness of multitude of parents. This colossally adorable baby talent show focuses on directing the spotlight towards the little ones. It is a unique and unparalleled baby show event which rejoices the tiny marvels of the divine, celebrates their innocence, besides endeavouring to channelize their exuberant energies in engrossing activities in the Baby show competition.

DISNEY MAGIC MEETS TINY DREAMS

The Baby Show competition is back this year with a Disney theme that is sure to fascinate everyone. Imagine your children entering a wonderful realm where they can take on the roles of their beloved Disney characters, such as Elsa or Mickey Mouse, besides participating in exciting and unforgettable activities. The goal of the Baby Show Event is to make your albums full of priceless moments and your emotions full of happiness.

HIGHLIGHTS OF THE BABY SHOW EVENT

The Baby Show Event transforms into a magical, exciting Disney-themed fantasy, evoking a wonderful ambiance. The Baby Show competition is expected to be more captivating than in the past this year.

Photoshoot Extravaganza: Capture the magic with emotional family shoots, lovely solo portraits, and adorable snaps with mom.

Creative Activities: Enable your kids to engage in a range of entertaining activities, such as painting, singing, dancing, and more, to make sure they have a great time at the Baby Show Event.

CRAFTED WITH LOVE AND CARE

The Baby Show competition is carefully designed to catalyse excitement and thrills via a welcoming atmosphere. The Baby Show Event has been meticulously planned with the needs of children in mind in every way.

Fun Zone: An intelligently curated selection of engaging activities guarantees that positive energy is efficiently directed in an enjoyable way. Every component of the Baby Show Event, including the Infant Fashion Show and Baby Talent Show, is designed to captivate and amuse, besides ensuring a healthy competition at the Baby Show Competition.

Mega-Prize Giveaway: Winners receive an abundance of eye-catching gifts, which adds to the memento and fulfilment of their accomplishments at the Baby Show competition.

WHAT’S IN IT FOR YOU?

For parents and children alike, the Baby Show competition offers a range of captivating and enjoyable activities to participate in. Come and engage in a range of thrilling games that are geared alike to promote enjoyment and camaraderie amongst parents and children.

Fun with colors: Take a sip and unleash your artistic side by painting bright canvases.

Infant Fashion Show: In this adorable exhibition of little fashionistas, each child walks the catwalk like a showstopper.

Gorgeous Decorations: Children can make a statement with glitter and facial tattoos, brightening up their day.

SHINE BRIGHT: THE MOST PHOTOGENIC BABY CONTEST

We also have the much awaited Most Photogenic Baby competition in addition to the Baby Show Event. The happiness and treasured memories of childhood are captured in the Baby Show competition. The most photogenic winners under the age category of 1-3 are determined by factors including confidence, grin, posture, attractiveness, attitude, clothing sense, expression, and overall appearances that promote enjoyment and bonding for parents and children alike.

MAGIC OF CHILDHOOD

Mother’s Pride’s Baby Show competition is not just an event, rather it’s an exciting experience that honors the charm of childhood. Every feature of the Baby Show Event, including the Infant Fashion Show and Baby Talent Show, aims to leave a lasting impression. There is something magical for everyone, whether your child is taking part in the Most Photogenic Baby show competition or is just having fun with the Disney-themed activities.

JOIN THE ENCHANTMENT

This captivating Baby Show competition is not to be missed! Come celebrate with us the joys of creativity, innocence, and endless happiness. Apply today and allow your children to shine at the Baby Show Event, where each and every second is planned to provide priceless memories.

Mother’s Pride’s Baby Show Event promises to be a day full of memories, joy, and laughter. The thrill never ends with the Infant Fashion Show, Baby Talent Show, and Most Photogenic Baby (show) competition. Bring your kids with you, and enter a world of surprise and delight where they are the centre of attention.

Quotes About Women: Way to know your importance

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Real time project on ETL-Informatica developer in an organization

Iteration 2: Analysis
At this stage, I would have known the culture of the organization and their work environment and would shift my focus to understanding and analyze the different ETL tool components that are used for managing the data within the organization. Through understanding the tools, I would have the capability of knowing how to use them when performing the different tasks as ETL developer. By the end of the second iteration, the business requirement documents are thoroughly reviewed and analyzed for further modifications. The main idea is to be perfect with all the activities that are connected to the previous iteration (K. Ashok, Personal Communication, January 18, 2016).

Planning
In my plan to prepare for the iteration on analysis of the ETL tool components, I had the mandate of getting all the information regarding the selection of the best ETL tooling that would be useful in the execution of my duties in Logic Planet Consulting Services, Inc as an Informatica developer. I planned to meet with the company’s informatics developers that had the knowledge of the ETL tools in a meeting that would take place in one of the halls in the company, and there would be follow-up meetings up to February 01, 2016 when the iteration is expected to end. The developers have the experience in the execution of ETL process, data loading, extraction, workflow management, integration, workflow management and other relevant experience on ETL processes (K. Ashok, Personal Communication, January 18, 2016). I planned to get real-time insight regarding the definition of the characteristics of the ETL tools and the way they have usage in the organization.

In this iteration, the topics that I expected to have coverage included the architecture, the architecture, the router transformations, Informatica power center and qualifier transformations. Among the things that I wanted to be conversant with included the various business components that place the key role in the development of the data warehouse. I planned to make use of this session and make the necessary inquiries of how I would be designing the ETL workflow monitoring that would be taking place in the next iteration. I also planned to take advantage of this session and analyze the requirements for the project at hand. I planned to make the necessary inquiries from the company’s system analyst and the project manager who would help me to have in-depth knowledge concerning the process of reviewing and analyzing the project requirements documentation. That would aid me to get to understand how to develop the project objectives before embarking on the task that has been assigned to me (K. Martial, Personal Communication, January 18, 2016).

Action

On January 18, 2016, I met the company’s ETL developers in the Orange Hall that was being used in conducting such meetings. The aim of the meeting with them was to have a thorough knowledge of the ETL tool components that are having usage in the company in the execution of the ETL processes and tasks. Before the meeting would commence there was the distribution of the program and how it would be conducted including the personnel that would be handling each task of training on the ETL components. The tools that were on the list included the Informatica power centers, the power connect, Power Mart, power exchange, power analysis and the Informatica power quality (M. Nancy, Personal Communication, January 22, 2016). On Monday, January 18, 2016, the training on the tools commenced, and it was the task of the on for the senior developers, Mrs. Nancy who trained on the Informatica power center and Informatica Power Mart. She taught on how to use the tools in processing data, how to create repositories and conversion of the local repository to the global repository.

Mr. Charles taught about the mapping of components on the third day of the first week. The mapping defines the data extraction, transformation and it loading. He also trained on the components of mapping including source definition, target definition, and the transformation logic (ADBIS et al., 2015). The ETL mapping looks as in the following diagram.

Mrs. Hannah also talked about the process of following components: then center power designer, the workflow manager, the workflow monitor and the repository manager before Mr. Rajesh trained in the process of reviewing and analyzing the requirements documentation. I learned about how to use the Informatica power center designer to design the ETL process that is also known as mapping. I also learned how to leverage the power center workflow manager to create the center power objectives including the sessions for each mapping and the workflow start sessions (A. Hannah, Personal Communication, January 25, 2016).

Observation
The intern observed that there had been the development of many ETL tools to simplify the work of the data warehouse developer. I observed that initially the developers had the task of handwriting the SQL code, but the emergence of the data warehouse development tools has helped to developers to only drag and drop items while developing the data warehouse (Wang, 2007). I also observe that the ETL tools that are available in the market have expanded the functionality beyond the data warehouse development and ETL. The ETL tools being used nowadays have extended functionality or data cleansing, profiling, big data processing, enterprise application integration, master data management and data governance (J. Charles, Personal Communication, January 20, 2016). I also observed that the primary function of the ETL and data integration software entails the performance of extraction, loading, and transformation of data. The ETL tools are not enough, and so the enterprises need to have the business intelligence tools for the purpose of analyzing and visualizing the data after the data has been availed to the OLAP cube or the data warehouse.

I observed that the ETL tool is very useful in the process of creating the ETL processing that makes the management of data an easy task. One had to be conversant of the ETL tool’s components if they have to execute their tasks effectively. I observed that there are also so many tools that the Informatica developer needs to learn in light of the data transformation, data loading, and data extraction, and that is the way to apply those tools. I observed that the trainers in this iteration had a thorough knowledge and experience in the way to carry out all the functions of the ETL tool and the way they structured the analysis session contributed to making it successful. I also observed that the analysis and review of the requirements documentations help in the understanding of the project at hand and the issues that require resolution (K. Ashok, Personal Communication, January 28, 2016).

Reflection
The knowledge of the ETL tools and the ETL tool components being used in the execution of the required tasks is very paramount to the success of the Informatica developer. The Informatica developer has the mandate of extracting data from various sources such as the databases, systems, and applications after which he/she also transform it and then load it into another database, data mart or data warehouse before analyzing it (Albrecht & Naumann, 2008). The process cannot take place manually but through the ETL tool. The iteration helped to be well informed regarding these tasks through the use of the ETL tool. The trainers helped me have a real-time knowledge and experience regarding the execution of the ETL process using the various ETL tool components. It helped me to meet all my objectives for this session except for a few. The company leveraged only the trainers that were well-versed with the knowledge on the ETL tool and processes, and that are the reason the iteration had accomplishment with less difficulty (J. Charles, Personal Communication, January 29, 2016).

The iteration inculcated in me the knowledge concerning the ETL processes, but since there were no real-time examples to work on, I could not acquire the practical experience that I needed to have from this session. I suggest that the company should have in place the real-time example of tasks on which the intern should work on so as to enhance his/her understanding when they are being trained in the execution of their tasks. The other things that did not do well in this session are that the trainers did not handle the other ETL tools because they thought that as an ETL Informatica developer I only needed to have knowledge of the ETL tool. I suggest that the company have the inclusion of the other ETL tools in the training so that the intern can have full knowledge and experience of the other tools as well.

Iteration 3: Design
In the third iteration, I would start the process of creating the ETL application workflows and reduce errors day by day while working. I would design the different mappings and sessions that I should be performing in the organization (K. Ashok, Personal Communication, February 02, 2016). I would be ensuring that I have the capability of completing all the tasks that I am assigned to by the team leader within the required time frame. I would prepare myself for tackling any tasks that are in my line of duty with the help of the supervisor that would be assigned to me throughout this iteration.

Planning
My plan for the design of the ETL workflows entailed meeting with the company’s ETL Informatica developers and the project manager in a brainstorming session who would help me with the knowledge on how to conduct the task at hand. The brainstorming meeting would take place in the brainstorming room, and it would run for two days beginning on February 02, 2016 to February 03, 2016. The resource person has a through training, experience and skills in the creation of ETL processes and their experience would be an advantage to me as a young ETL Informatica developer. I planned to use the session and prepare adequately for the design task at hand so as to accomplish it with less difficult. I planned to have a thorough knowledge of the source-ETL design considerations including populating the calendar data via the calendar population scripts, and populating the tables in the right order.

The brainstorming session would help me understand how to go in accomplishing my tasks such as the configuration of the data population building blocks for the purpose of delivering the data acquisition services effectively. I planned to understand and execute the communication model using the architecture that best meets the company’s business needs. I also planned to understand and carry out the creation of the source to the destination documents for the source ETL. I planned to design effectively the plan that would be helpful in rectifying the source ETL quality problems regarding data. I also planned to design the source ETL jobs control as well as the ETL workflow using the tips provided in the brainstorming session. I also planned to handle the task of designing the ETL exceptional handling in an effective way as thought in the brainstorming session. The last thing that I wanted to do in this session was the writing of the source-ETL that can load efficiently.

Action
I had a brainstorming session with the company’s project manager as well as the ETL developers in the company’s brainstorming hall, and there was a great share of ideas on how to structure the design phase and the activities I was to carry. The experts also assigned me one of the junior developers to help me with any difficult task that I may encounter during the execution of my duties so that I would accomplish the tasks required with much ease. I learned many things from the brainstorming session, and it gave birth to the plan of the design phase that I was to execute. I learned and implemented the population of the calendar data using the population scripts that are in provision with the data communication model (J. Seth, Personal Communication, February 05, 2016). I populated the tables beginning with lookup tables, reference tables, and lastly the base tables. The ETL first extracts the data from various sources, assures the quality of that data, cleanses it, and then makes it consistent across all the original sources.

After the process of cleansing the data, I had to populate the physical objects with the cleansed data so that the report writers, the dashboards, the query tools and so on can get access to the data. I performed the sourcing, the movement, the transformation and the data loading activities which are the fundamental services for constructing data acquisition. Before I could begin building the extract systems, I had to come up with a logical data interface document for mapping the correlation between the original fields and the target fields in the tables (K. Martial, Personal Communication, February 10, 2016). I designed a plan for dealing with the data quality issues to make sure there are data validity, data accuracy, data consistency, data latency, and data reasoning. I then designed the source ETL jobs control using the tips gained from the brainstorming session such as the use of a common structure for all jobs, maximizing parallelism execution of jobs, using a one-to-one mapping technique from the source to destination among other tips.

Observation
The observation that I made from the design iteration are twofold; that is, the observations regarding the brainstorming session and the techniques of designing and executing the ETL processes. I observed that brainstorming was used experts as a method for generating ideas and solving problems (A. Hannah, Personal Communication, February 01, 2016).. I observed that many brainstorming sessions were flawed due to the lack of clear goals and plan for the same. I observed that the process of design the ETL processes was tedious, and I had to work for more time including the extension in the office to make sure that I completed each day’s tasks and plan for the subsequent tasks. The use of ETL in the Oracle communication data model played a big role in the warehouse environment. I observed that there were three layers in the Oracle Communication Data Model that the ETL tool populates including the staging, the access, and the foundation layer. The diagram below illustrates the flow diagram of ETL process.

I observed that there were two types ETL used for populating the communication model including the source ETL and the intra-ETL (Ankorion, 2005). The source ETL is useful in populating the staging layer as well as the foundation layer of the data communication model with data from the creating system. On the other hand, the intra-ETL is useful in populating the access layer with the data from the foundation layer. The access layer includes the aggregate tables, the OLAP cubes, the derived tables, the data mining models and the materialized views (K. Martial, Personal Communication, February 13, 2016). I observed that the design of the ETL process entailed the design of the source ETL as well as the intra-ETL. The design entailed the creation of a source of the target mapping document, the design of a plan that would have usage in the rectification of data quality problems, designing for exceptional handling, the design of ETL jobs control and control among others.

Reflection
The iteration on designing was very helpful to me as a young ETL Informatica developer as I had to learn many things that I did not know before. I came to understand about the types of ETL including the source ETL and the intra-ETL including the design of both of them. The brainstorming session gave me a plethora of knowledge and experience on how to carry out the design of these two types of ETL processes. I learned how to design for the ETL workflow as well as the jobs control. It also helped me understand the process of making a design that can be helpful in handling exceptions and resolving the data quality problems. The tasks gave me a real-time experience on the design of the ETL processes because I had to work on the actual systems as shown by the developers in the previous meetings.

I made sure that I load data efficiently while developing the mapping scripts and loading the data into the various layer of the data communication model. That was because data had to be gotten into the warehouse in an expedient manner as much as possible. However, despite most of the things going on seamlessly as anticipated, I was assigned less time to work on the project of designing for ETL and that made me work for extra hours so to complete the tasks for each day. The supervisor assigned to me was also not available most of the time. My suggestion is that the company should dedicate enough time to every activity bearing in mind that the intern is not well versed in most of the technical activities. The assigned supervisors should also be available all the time for consultation.

Iteration 4: Implementation
Implementation would be the second last iteration. At this stage, the code is implemented. I would review the code and remove errors (K. Ashok, Personal Communication, March 02, 2016). At this stage, I would also study the ETL workflow. I would first put the focus on the extraction, and then get to understand data transformation and how the data are to be loaded. Since I am an intern, I would not be allowed to perform a complex task; hence, most of the time I would learn through observation.

Planning
The plan that then insert had regarding this iteration on implementation included the resolution of any issues that were might have come during the previous execution of designing the ETL processes and loading the data from the original sources to the destinations. I planned to review the data again in every single step to make sure that the data in the original sources as well as the target database is clean minus any errors. I planned to review the ETL workflow with the help of other ETL Informatica developers to make sure that the known business rules had the right application to make the data consistent. The introduction of errors into the data makes the data lack the required quality, so the plan I had was to make sure that I would thoroughly examine the data to eliminate the data quality issues if any. There are tasks that I would not have an active involvement and so in those areas, I planned to observe keenly and make notes as appropriate.

I also planned to study the ETL workflow, whereby I would first put the focus on the extraction before getting to understand data transformation and how the data are to be loaded. The review of the workflow would entail reviewing the sessions and the way the monitoring of the workflow is taking place and that would provide me with more knowledge and experience as a young ETL Informatica developer. I planned to view the session as well as the workflow and session states; I would review the fetching of session logs from the repository, and the management of the center power repository. I planned to review if relevant data is having extraction, how the transformation of data is taking place including the building of keys, the cleansing of data and the correctness of the format. In the loading of data, I would examine how the loading onto the data warehouse takes place and the building of aggregates.

Action
On an actual day, that is March 02, 2016 when the implementation was to take place; I had a meeting with the company ETL Informatica developer and the system administrator in the system administrator’s office where also the servers were housed. The aim of this meeting was to remove any errors introduced in the data while I was carrying out my tasks in the previous iteration and also review the workflow process for the purpose of optimizing them. We began by examining the quality of the data by addressing the data quality issues to make sure that the data was valid, consistent among all the original data sources, complete, and accurate. The examination of the data validity involved examining the content and sufficiency of the data to ensure that it met the expectations (K. Martial, Personal Communication, March 03, 2016). The examination of data accuracy involved reviewing the correctness of the addresses and the standards that had a definition by the company.

Checking errors that affected data completeness entailed reviewing if all the required data was there and updating the database in case there was a lack of all the data. In the examination of errors that pertained to data consistency, we applied the various rules for eliminating inconsistency in the data to make sure that the data was consistent with all the sources. We also examined the data reasoning whereby we examined had to determine if the data made sense from the business perspective and if it was possible to combine the data the way and the end users would expect. I performed most of the tasks regarding the checking of errors in the data as I consulted with the resource persons with whom I was working. The next task included the review of the workflow so as to optimize the process as desired. The ETL flow that we examined looks as in the diagram below whereby most of the work was done by the developer.

Observation
From the implementation phase, I made several observations in light of checking the errors and reviewing the ETL workflow. I observed that data is very imperative to any organizational, and it should be carefully handled so as to make sure that it remains consistent and without any errors. Any errors in the data or ETL process can make some of the operations on the same not be possible. The examination of the errors in the various sources involved examining the data quality issues to make sure that the data was accurate, valid, had latency, was complete and that it was relevant to the business (J. Seth, Personal Communication, March 10, 2016). I also observed that if the data had to be free of any errors, it had to be extracted, transformed and loaded in the right manner; and it also had to conform to the laid down rules and standards. I observed that the data management was the task carried out by as few people as possible because the usage of many people would introduce many errors and inconsistencies that may prove to be expensive while eliminating them.

I observed that the system administrator and then Senior ETL Informatica developer underwent training from time to time so as to make sure that they gained the required knowledge and skills to execute their tasks effectively as they were obliged with the company’s data stewardship. I observed that any mistake in the data management was a punishable offense and for that reason the data stewards did not allow me to carry out critical tasks on the data lest I introduce other issues. For that purpose, I had to watch the way they performed most of the tasks, and so lacked the real-time experience that would be helpful in the future as an Informatica developer. I also observed that the knowledge on the ETL workflow is crucial for the ETL Informatica developer because it helps them understand how to go about in making the process effective and efficient (M. Nancy, Personal Communication, March 12, 2016).

Reflection
The iteration went on well, and most of the activities that took place were impressive. I gained much knowledge and experience from the same and came to appreciate the need for having Informatica developers in organizations. I also came to appreciate my career as I observed that much would be required of me while I would be executing my duties in any organization in which I would be working as an ETL developer in the future. During this iteration, the supervisors availed themselves throughout the iteration due to the criticality of the data with which we were dealing. They explained to me all the steps that they leveraged especially in those tasks that I did not active involvement. They also gave me the chance of asking any queries that I had, particularly the thing that I could not easily comprehend and any other concerns that I had from the previous iterations.

The iteration had me involved in most of the basic tasks that did not entail the critical functions because of the sensitivity of the data with which we were dealing. I felt that I did not have the chance of learning many essential activities due to the lack of the involvement on those tasks. I would suggest that the company involve the intern in such critical activities because that would create an avenue for gaining vital experience that would make them effective when they would be handling their daily tasks in the future. The company also had the training program for only the system administrator and the ETL Informatica developer and I can suggest that they involve other staffs such as the network administrator, otherwise the security and management of the data are the responsibility of everybody.

Iteration 5: Deployment
Deployment is the last iteration. During this period, the final project is delivered to the end user. In the last days of the iteration, I would get In Touch with my director to get feedback on my performance during the weeks that I have been in the organization. Once I knew my performance rating from the team manager, I would work out on my weaknesses to improve my knowledge and understanding (M. Nancy, Personal Communication, March 16, 2016). I would deploy through performing the different activities that I have learned in the organization.

Planning
I planned to meet the team manager and my supervisors in the Orange Hall so that they would evaluate my activities in the organization and that would be helpful in knowing the areas of my weaknesses and my strengths. The meeting would take place for three days from March 16, 2016, to March 18, 2016, so as address all the areas of my learning experience in the company. I planned to use the complements and any criticism that I would receive forms these staffs and work on my weaknesses effectively so that I would complete my internship in the company well minus any regrets. I planned to solicit the help of the director and the internship coordinator to help me understand how I would work on my weakness so that I make sure I gain maximally from the internship in Logic Planet Consulting Services, Inc.

I then planned to request the Senior ETL Informatica developer to allow work on my weakness by having involvement in the actual ETL processes in the organization. I also planned to interview the various ETL developers in the organization so that they would help me understand how to work on my weaknesses effectively and have the required competency as an ETL Informatica developer. I also planned to carry out a search on the Web and find the commonly asked questions regarding the ETL development to see if I can respond to them effectively and note the areas that I cannot perform well. I would then request the company’s ETL Informatica developers to help me addressing those challenges and by so doing I would have in-depth experience in entirely every task.

Action
I requested the ETL Informatica developer team manager and all my supervisors in the Orange Hall to have a meeting with him so that he helped to analyze my work that I performed in the organization during my internship. Fortunately, the team manager had been recording everything that I did including those that I did well and those that I did not do well as expected. He highlighted many of the areas that I performed well and the areas that did not perform well. The supervisors also stood one by one and highlighted the areas that they thought I did not perform well while they were working with me. After that, I then met the intern’s coordinator and the director and asked if there was any way I would improve on my weaknesses since there were remaining ten days to complete my internship in the company.

The director gave me room to revise on my skills and experience after which I then requested the Senior ETL Informatica developer to allow me to work on the real-time ETL processes so as to improve on those areas in which I did not perform well. The developer also helped me understand how to go in improving on the weaknesses by telling me what should have been done. The knowledge from that developer was substantial as I learned what to do and how to do it better and that made me have less difficulty in executing the duties. I also conducted a search on the Web and then interacted with other developers in the company so that they responded well to the concerns that I had. I made sure that I asked all questions I had and received answers as appropriate from the developer.

Observation
I observed the evaluation of one’s actions is of vital importance and that it is a must while one is doing and action research. The evaluation resulted in the both positive and negative criticisms of my tasks, and that gave me the knowledge of how skilled I was up to this point in my internship (J. Charles, Personal Communication, March 16, 2016). It gave me the knowledge of the areas that I was to improve, and I improved them accordingly. I observed that the company makes sure that the intern learns all they are supposed to learn and that they acquire all the necessary insight that they are supposed to have (M. Nancy, Personal Communication, March 19, 2016). I also observed that an intern is an indispensable person in any company because they rid off the employees of their tasks at a zero cost. I also observed that the company valued the interns so much and for that reason it made sure that they gained the hands-on experience that would help them execute their duties effectively in the future.

The evaluation made me realize that there were a few areas on which I needed to improve, and so I made the necessary step towards the improvement of those areas. I observed that the other developers also had knowledge and experience in ETL processes that would not be ignored, and I wondered why they did not have inclusion in many of the company’s critical tasks including training of the interns. I observed that these developers were always to be challenged by the interns and for that reason they responded to my queries appropriately (A. Hannah, Personal Communication, March 30, 2016).. I observed that after gaining experience, the data stewards did not supervise me closely because they knew very well that I would less likely repeat the mistakes that I had done earlier.

Reflection
The last iteration in Logic Planet Consulting Services, Inc gave me a good experience working on ETL processes and workflows. The last iteration on deployment is the one that introduced me to the practical experience that I had anticipated having in my internship since I had involvement in the actual tasks without supervision. The lack of supervision gave me the experience of working under minimums supervision but also ensuring I deliver quality results. I also gained the knowledge of time management and project management. The iteration on deployment also gave me a chance of interacting with other company ETL developers and gained some more knowledge that I did not have before. The developers were every willing and eager to address all the concerns that I had, and that gave me the desire to continue learning more the task of ETL Informatica development.

Despite the fact that the Senior ETL Informatica developer allowed me to conduct the actual tasks on the company’s database and servers, the system administrator did not allow me to execute some other tasks that were very basic. I suggest that the data stewards should work in unison as that can allow the interns to have the knowledge and experience that they anticipate having. I also felt that the company should have allowed the intern to carry out the real-time tasks in the previous iterations as was done during this iteration. The company also only evaluated the actions of the intern in the last iteration. I suggest that the company have a plan for assessing the activities of the interns in each and every iteration before they can proceed with the next iteration.

Conclusion
The internship in the Logic Planet Consulting Services, Inc was a captivating one because of the many things that I had to learn in the process and the experience that I gained. The internship began with the orientation into the company and there I came to understand the principles, standards, policies, procedures, rules and regulations by which I needed to abide while executing my duties in the company. These helped me to understand how to work so as to accomplish my internship in the company with much ease. The second iteration also introduced me to the analysis of the different ETL tools and the especially the components of the ETL tool. I learned how to leverage those components and accomplish the ETL process effectively with minimum supervision. I also had the experience of analyzing and reviewing the business requirement documents, and that helped me make a good plan that saw the design phase successful.

In the third iteration that entailed design, I learned the process of creating the ETL application workflows and reduced errors day by day while working. I gained the problem-solving skills in the process. In the fourth iteration, I also learned how to eliminate any errors I the data and make sure that different source of data is consistent. I also had a review of the ETL workflow and learned how to optimize the workflow and data management. The fifth iteration on deployment helped in the assessment of my activities sin the company, and it helped me to learn the things that I did not perform well. I, in turn, got involved in working on the actual activities sin the organization and completed my interaction after meeting all the objectives for my internship in the company.

Genesis to Revelation

Introduction
When the first mobile phone was invented in 1973 by Motorola, the mobile phone’s primary purpose was making calls. The primary purpose for which mobile phones were invented is still making phone calls even after the decades. However, the modern mobile phone can do more than just communicating with the next person. IPhone, from Apple Company, set the trend as early as 2007. Nine years later into 2016 and there are no signs that mobile phone innovations will end or slow down. The mobile phones have been developing decades drastically after invention. The mobile phones, popularly known as magical portable technology boxes, are increasingly becoming one of the most important interpersonal communication tools. Furthermore, their importance will only increase as time goes by.

Genesis to Revelation of Mobile Phones

Most of the early mobile phones were car phones since they were not comfortably portable in a pocket or purse. However, the Motorola Company arrived on the market in 1973 and produced Motorola DynaTAC 8000x. Although it is huge by current standards, the phone was the first mobile phone because it was comfortably portable.

Motorola DynaTAC 8000x was incredibly expensive. However, it became a pop culture symbol. The phone was showing on everyone and was owned by the rich in the community. Such people were the trendsetter not afraid of trying the new Motorola DynaTAC 8000x. Therefore, they were the key to popularizing the mobile phones. However, the use of mobile phone had not spread to the general public. The mobile phones were majorly used in the world of business and sales. Although the DynaTAC is the later models were small in size and easily portable, they still had some challenges. The later models such as Nokia Mobira Talkman and the Motorola 2900 Bag Phone were bulky and luggable. However, they had a longer battery life and talked time thereby becoming popular (Brain, Tyson, & Layton, 2013).

Shift in Purpose
Early mobile phones were primarily for talking. Features such as voicemail were gradually added. However, the primary purpose remained as talking. Ultimately, mobile phone manufacturers realized that other technologies could be integrated into the phones thereby expanding their features. Early smart phones enable users to access their emails as well as use the phone as a pager, fax machine, and address book among many others. Recent developments have seen the purpose of mobile phones shift from being a verbal communication tool to a multimedia tool thus the adoption of the name mobile device. Currently, people use their mobile phones more for web surfing, email checking, photo snapping, and updating social media status than calling (Goggin, 2012).

Modern mobile phones are slowly replacing other devices like the cameras and video cameras. On their introduction on the phones, the cameras produced low-quality images, and it was not considered a main feature. However, today the shift is changing very first where mobile phone owners do not bother to carry their cameras anymore. They just use their mobile phones. The modern day smartphone such as iPhone from Apple has changed most of the things consumers expect from their phones.

Change in Mobile Phones Shape

As much as the mobile phone technology has changed, the physical appearance has also gone through an evolution of changes. The initial car phones and bag phones were as heavy and large as today’s computers. The mobile phones have gone through the same evolution as computers in reducing their size. However, this evolution has been necessitated by the consumers’ demands for smaller and sleeker mobile phones (Agar, 2013).

In recent years, mobile phone designs have started to become large and simple. This has made room for a large screen and fewer buttons. The most desirable aspect of mobile phones from the consumers is a large, high-definition, and clear screen for maximal web viewing. Additionally, the mobile phones have taken the keyboard away and replaced it with a touchscreen keyboard that only pops out when needed as shown and indicated in figure four.

Conclusion
The paper had highlighted how mobile phone had changed and developed drastically since when its manufacturing started. However, seeing this trend, it is not the end. It is as though almost anything a mobile phone consumer can imagine is possible in the future. The convergence of the technological gadgets into a single mobile device will not stop to advance. Additionally, there are anticipations that most of the mobile phone hardware and software will be moved to the cloud where the final product will be a composition of input and display only. Within another decade, the regular mobile phones may disappear completely. Smartphones may never be called smart again, and the term might be dropped altogether just the way people dropped the term color TV.

Risk assessment

Introduction
Risk assessment involves arriving at an estimate of the likelihood of future acts. Risk assessment is important throughout the adjudication process. It is often carried out for dispositional purposes and in the determination of various actions. In various situations decisions are often predicated, partially, on the basis of risk assessment outcomes. Thus, the accurate assessment of future risk is important to clinicians and policymakers. Recidivism rates for sex offenders vary considerably depending on various factors. The variables include the types of victims that the individual targets, previous offenses and conviction. The ability to make determination about risk is often performed through assessment of various individual factors. Clinical judgment is important part of risk assessment. However, assessment rooted in empirical foundations based on idiosyncratic experience is significantly important. These assessments are important as they illicit information on offender’s risk of re-offending. These factors include sexual arousal to minors, past criminal history, past sexual offenses, victims, absence of age-appropriate relationships and physiological factors. Given the importance of assessments, numerous risk factors have been studied to determine how they predict re-offense. The paper will discuss a case based on estimates of the likelihood that an offender will revert to criminal sexual behavior after intervention for a prior criminal act.

Discussion
Being a probation officer with a specialized caseload of sexual offenders, I would choose the first case. The case involves a 50-year-old repeat offender who began talking openly about his sexual attraction to a particular boy. The choice is based on the risk assessment factors that predict the probability that a sex offender will recidivate. The presence of arousal patterns or deviant sexual interests can be identified in this case. The individual has a preference for deviant stimuli for children (Vitacco et al., 2009). The repeat child molester has talked openly about his sexual attraction to a particular boy. Evidently, the offender prefers sexual relations with children over sexual relationships with age-appropriate partners. Because the type of interests or preferences is so strong, it can be a significant driving force behind propensity to re-offend. Research suggests a strong link between sexual deviance and sexual recidivism (Hawes & Boccaccini, 2013).

The understanding of sexual deviance among offenders is quite clear. Sexual offenders are resistant to treatment. However, the combinations of different features pose a great risk of recidivism. The potential risk of recidivism rates of sex offenders informs the treatment or interventions necessary. The risk levels of the particular individual are high due. Additionally, child molesters tend to have high rates of repeat offenses due to the chronic nature of their pathology (Vitacco et al., 2009). Recidivistic sexual offenders are expected to hold deviant behavior that eases the commission of repeat offense. The open confession by the individual, in this case, provides a fertile ground for maintenance of deviant sexual behavior. The sexual interactions with sexual victims in sexual offending are often viewed as problematic. In this case, the victim is incapable of mutuality given that he targets children (Efta & Freeman, 2004).

Prior offenses and other general criminology factors are important predictors of potential to re-offend. An individual who has previously engaged in sexually violent conduct is more likely to re-offend. Repeat offenses and reconviction for new sex offense are often considered to be important predictors of recidivism. The individual in this case had previously engaged in child molestation. Criminal history variables are often used to predict sexual recidivism. The idea is that past criminal history is a strong predictor of future behavior. Prior convictions for sexual violence are a predictor of future sexual crimes. Literature on predictors of sexual offending address issues of previous convictions. However, the prediction of recidivism amongst sexual offenders can be complex (Langevin et al., 2004).As a group, persons with previous convictions for sex crimes have higher rates of sexual recidivism compared to those without a previous sex crime conviction. Individual who molest children outside of the family record higher rates recidivism over time. The overall recidivism rate for sex offenders is considered to be lower than that of other criminal groups. However, sex offenders are also involved in arrest or conviction for other non–sex crimes as well as new sex offenses (Vitacco et al., 2009).

The type of victims selected by sexual offenders is an important indicator of recidivism. Research suggests that individuals who offended against exclusively against male children or against a wide range of types of victim have higher risk of reoffending. Accordingly, sexual preference for children, particularly male children is strong predictors of sexual recidivism (Christiansen & Vincent, 2013). The risk of repeat offense is higher for those sexual offenses committed against unrelated children. Individuals with prior sexual abuse against children outside their family pose a greater risk for further sexual molestation. Many offenders convicted of abusing children outside the family often have previous convictions for a sexual offences compared to individuals who abused children within the family (Christiansen & Vincent, 2013).

Extra-familial sexual offenders are more likely to have served prior sentence for the same crime. However, such findings should be weighed against the likelihood that extra-familial abuse is more likely to be reported and detected. The reason being that seriousness of the offence differs as incest is considered to be less life-threatening compared to random sexual abuse. Random sexual abusers of children commit impetuous, impulsive and primarily violent acts without control or consideration. They often have prior records of delinquency and sexual abuse features in their backgrounds. They have adult criminal records and have previously been convicted several times or have one prior conviction for sexual offences. The individual in this case is Extra-familial child molesters with a degree of sexual preoccupation with children. These factors predict sexual recidivism as most individuals who commit repeat sexual offences have similar characteristics. These are a factor in increased risk of recidivism amongst child molesters (Knighton et al., 2014).

The characteristics of the sexual offender are more similar to repeat sexual offenders who have previously committed a sexual offence. For repeat sexual offenders, the characteristics indicate an increase in the likelihood of future offending. Probably the most important predictors for the individual are prior offenses, sexual deviance and choice of victims. Additionally, the self confessed attraction is also a predictor of intentions to commit further sexual offenses. In the case, the individual has a history of similar types of offences. This also predicts a higher rate of offending. The relevance of the individuals’ previous offence history is repeated throughout literature. While most offenders do not necessarily specialize, those who commit a sexual offence in the past are more likely to do so again. For this individual, sexual deviancy was often a significant indicator of risk. Compared to the offender in the second case, multiple victims and related victims consistently indicate higher risk. Additionally, the individual has been convicted of sexual offense on more occasions compared to the offender in the second case.

Conclusion
An attempt to understand why recidivism occurs is constructive in developing intervention measures. The case shows a number of consistent patterns that provide useful indicators of risk. The individual in this case is Extra-familial child molesters with a degree of sexual preoccupation with children. The type of victims selected by sexual offenders is an important indicator of recidivism. Often, the individuals who offend exclusively against male children have a higher risk of reoffending. The relevance of the individuals’ previous offense history is repeated throughout literature. Repeat offenses and reconviction for a new sex offense are often considered to be important predictors of recidivism. The individual in this case had previously engaged in child molestation. Criminal history variables are often used to predict sexual recidivism. The idea is that past criminal history is a strong predictor of future behavior. For this individual, sexual deviancy was often a significant indicator of risk. Recidivistic sexual offenders have a deviant schema that eases the commission of repeat offense. The open confession by the individual, in this case, provides a fertile ground for maintenance of deviant sexual behavior. In this case, the potential victim, a young male is incapable of mutuality. Additionally, the self-confessed attraction is also a predictor of intentions to commit further sexual offenses. The individual openly confesses of his attraction towards a potential victim. The second case lacks significant indicators of repeat sexual offense in future.

Plagiarism sites

Plagiarism and how we can apply math skills in Operation Research IME550

Different scholars have defined plagiarism in many different ways. However, all the scholars agree on one factor that plagiarism is a serious academic offence that attracts the highest penalties and punishment. It involves the theft of another person’s ideas or words, lack of acknowledging the source, poor quotation of sources, as well as presenting the work as own to instructors. Every author’s original work that gets expressed in some way gets considered as intellectual property that is under the protection of the copyright laws of the United States. This offence is serious, and all scholars and learners should be keen on avoiding it by all means. Ways of preventing plagiarism include consultations with the professor or lecturer, adequately planning for a paper or book in advance, acknowledging sources and checking individual papers in plagiarism sites.

Mathematics is an important subject in all disciplines and in pursuing all careers; hence vital to have excellent performance in the subject. However, this is not the case as students always perform poorly and get disadvantaged in many ways. There are various Math study skills that when adopted would result in high grades in Mathematics courses including IME550. The list gets provided below together with the correct approach to problem-solving in Mathematics, studying Math and undertaking Math tests.

Math study skills for better grades entail the on absenteeism to Math classes. It gets attributed to several reasons such as the factor that the instructors cover large Math sections in one class and do Math examples during lessons. Hence, missing a single class would result in losing significantly. The instructors also formulate the end of academic year Math tests using the material covered in class, thus attending every day gives a student an added advantage. Attending all classes together with completing homework in time enhances the learner’s understanding of the course material, concepts, problem-solving technique and formulas. The learner also can identify strengths and weaknesses hence determine where to put more effort and time. Attending classes and doing homework prepares the student adequately for Math tests. Getting assistance on weak areas in Math also improves the understanding of Math concepts and material. A student may request for assistance during lesson time, approaching the instructor during non-class hours, consulting fellow student and discussing in discussion groups.

Problem-solving process is a fundamental technique that needs to get learned, understood and mastered for improving an individual’s grades. The process commences by first reading the question careful and understanding what is needed for the learner by the problem. The next step is formulating a suitable plan for the problem. The developed plan is then carefully implemented to attain the set objectives. Lastly, in the problem-solving skills is the review of one’s work to identify mistakes and errors or addition of omissions.

Studying Math is also crucial for a learner as it assists them to prepare adequately for a Math test. Studying Math may involve doing homework or just going through the course content. It is most effective when undertaken many days prior to the test period.

The approach in Math test is vital in determining a student’s grade. A student should go to the exam room well prepared for the test. After receiving the question paper, the student should read the instructions, identify problems which they would be comfortable understanding and then plan their time appropriately. All the work done should be shown clearly and possibly in a step by step arrangement. Erasing of wrong work should be avoided, and if necessary, a single line is most appropriate. After completing the paper, the student should review all the work done, to ensure that all instructions got followed and also identify mistakes and errors.

Security planning

What are three areas that security plan should address? Describe each?

The three areas that security planning has to address include the assets needing protection risks facing the assets as well as resources needed for protection. Good are property possessed by an organization, group or individual and must be vulnerable to insecurity. Risks are the potential dangers facing the assets while efforts and resources are the material as well as none material input an organization or an individual allocates to protect the assets of electronic surveillance systems.

What are the difference between a fully functional 13 step systems development life cycle (SDLC) and a fully functional 3 step SDLC?

The main outstanding difference between the two is that a 13 SDLC takes and goes through all steps in system development while reducing the risks in system development. On the other hand, the three steps SDLC suppresses part of stages only to concentrate on main steps. 3step model, therefore, never aim at managing the risks.

Discuss the three critical resources that are linked to business success when focused on business driven technology.

The main IT resources for business success are namely the people, information, and business information technology. Business people referrers to all key players in a business environment like customers, contractors as well as the supplier. Therefore, people explain both the external as well as internal business persons who are owners. The business information refers the useful business data after going through the process of conversion for proposed of making business decisions. On the other hand, information technology includes all tools, techniques as well as applications critical for the business to have smooth operations.

Describe the systems theory model and give one example how it works.

Systems theory model gives a clear total organization analytical background of all its operations. For instance, decision-making system theory model puts emphasis on organization interactions with external stakeholders. It, therefore, provides comprehensiveness of threats and opportunities to the organization giving response strategy to solve the issue.

Discuss some common it metrics for strategic initiatives and how they get measured.

The IT metrics critical to strategic initiatives encompass, supply chain metrics, website metrics, customer relationship metrics, enterprise resource planning metrics as well as business process re-engineering metrics. Website metrics gets measured by abandoned registrations, conversion rates; unique visitors as well as shopping cards. Supply chain management metrics, on the other hand, get measured by back orders, inventory practices, and customer order real cycle. Customer relationship management metrics takes sales metrics, marketing metrics, and service delivery metrics.

How do Ethics apply to Information Technology? Provide two specific examples of information ethics.

Ethics applies to the information technology through utilization of use of informatics while ensuring no harm to others. In information technology, privacy, as well as intellectual property rights, remain key information technology ethics.

Security and privacy impact

Introduction
The incidents relating to security are on the rise at an alarming rate each year. Additional there is an increase of these threats complexity so do measures for security that are needed to protect the networks. Network administrators, data center operator’s m, and other professionals in the data center have to comprehend the security basics so as to manage safely and deploy the networks of today.

The internet has transformed the way people connect in the present era. The use of the internet presents whole new options for organizations and users are it in social networking, e-commerce, and enterprises among others. Since many people are now using and enjoying the benefits of the internet, the main question is how well protected are the networks from intruders. For a long time the question has been the use of the firewall, but how long will it take for the firewall become extinct (Singer, and Friedman 2014).

This paper presents the current practice of securing the networks systems by use of firewalls to determine if they are becoming extinct. I the paper also outline the aspects that the network engineers should expect internet security to be in the next two years. I finally I will give a picture of how networks will be like in the next two years in light with the mobile devices proliferation (Kaplan, Chinn, and Marcus, 2015).

With the proliferation of devices with wireless productivity, such as tablets and smartphones, the number of devices having access and connections with the data centers are exploding. The proliferation increases the perimeter security burden since these devices enhance additional services accessibility from any location with a greater volume of traffic. The distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks is taking toll of online businesses. Though some cases of DDoS attacks may occur from non-economic reasons as they were the case of the past, they are now being taken advantage of by attackers who are monetary driven including corporate revenue, competitive advantage, and extortion. About DDoS protection, many Internet data Centers operators and enterprises tend to have a false sense of security. They think their services security from the DDoS attacks by simply deploying firewalls and intrusion prevention systems in front of their services. However, these deployments do expose companies to irate customers and service outages. The IDC and enterprises lose money when there are on critical services of the business, and this damages their customer relationship. Additional when there are no services as a result of external attacks, it can be unwelcome and sensational front pages news damaging the reputation of the company yet it is a damage that can be prevented (Gehem, Usanov and Frinking 2015).

There is also a new type of DDos attack that threatens the viability of a business service provider. Thus, the attacks have the potential of harming the e-commerce. The firewalls, IPS devices and other products for security are vital aspects in a layered -defense strategy. However, they are only meant to solve security problems that are different from DDoS mitigation and detection products. The firewall only acts a policy were enforcing the prevention of access to unauthorized data. Additionally, the IPS devices are for blocking the in attempts that lead to theft of data. Moreover, the firewalls and IPS devices are in line, state solutions and they are vulnerable to the DDoS attacks since they become the targets.

Therefore in this moving, and the highly open world the walled -garden of the old approach to securing the computers as the intranets and firewalls are getting out of step (Abouzakhar, 2015).

What should network engineers expect to happen with security in 2 years?

Security professionals in the next two years are expected to update their skills in new technologies. They will adapt, update and identify skills of dealing with the state-backed espionage in democratic states since it will no longer be only for North Korea and China. Businesses will also face complications in Balkanized Internet which will no longer work. Thus, it is essential for the internet engineers to maintain and coordinate partnership regarding information sharing across the servers. It will provide stronger support to cyber resilience and engage other multi-stakeholders in the process of governance in sharing intelligence (Lindstrom, 2008). The accessibility of web-based services from a broader internet will be the main target for activists, competitors, and others for political or negative agenda (Stevens, 2015).

Also, as data centers become more focused on the users, the customers and employee will increasingly depend on the internet services. Therefore, there is a need for enterprises to ensure that their main data center services maintain accessibility not just within the technical contingencies but also from the motivated opposition (Brenner, 2011).

The increasing connectivity as a result of the internet use and its ability to accessibility anywhere means that it is vital to segment properly the internal network by ensuring that the internal threats, as well as improper accesses, are not allowed to the data center. The core firewall segmentation should at the same time keep increasing its speed within the network core what will networks look like in 2 years, given the proliferation of mobile devices?

Traffic for mobile devices will need major emphasis on small packet performance with the gearing of data center applications towards smaller bites and screens of information. Other solutions for network security will also be for them to attain their performance specifications similar to the larger packet sizes. However, they can significantly degrade when traffic shifts to the smaller packet sizes and larger numbers of users. With the increase of the care network, there will be the need for high -speed 100 GbE and 40 GbE, as well as high port density, becomes vital. Also, there will be a need for network security appliances applicable throughout the data centers so as to connect efficiently within the high-speed fabric network (Lee 2015).

Conclusion
As the fight against cyber warfare and online crime continues to grow, and then there is the need for highly trained professionals on cyber security with relevant skills. Predicting the state of cyber security in the next few years gives an opportunity for every IT security engineers to perfect his or her skills.

Diversity in the Workplace

Difference between Diversity and Multiculturalism
When it comes to multiculturalism and diversity, there is always that tendency by most people to use the terms interchangeably, when in fact there are major differences between the two. The difference between people is as diversity, and the differences range from gender, race, sexual orientation, background, socioeconomic status and much more. The human resource management perspective on diversity goes ahead to look at policies set so as to meet compliance standards where we see commissions such as the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) verse complaints in the area. On the other hand, multiculturalism is much deeper than diversity as it focuses on inclusiveness, understanding as well as respect and further looks at unequal power in society. In the workplace most human resource managers see multiculturalism as not being well defined, places emphasis on gender and ethnicity as well as focusing too much on compliance (Carr-Ruffino, 2008).

Diversity is about otherness between individuals and the purpose of diversity being ensuring that people are treated the same through policies. As much as making everyone get the same treatment it is the right thing to do multiculturalism comes in and looks at a system of advantages as per race, gender as well as sexual; orientation called power and privilege. It through this system that advantages of diversity get identified where a person’s race, a person’s gender as well as individual’s sexual orientation is used in setting societal rules as well as norms. Power and privilege are not something that is easily recognized and as such it is mostly regarded as invisible privilege (Fine, 2012). Some of the privileges include

Privileges that are gender based- This is privilege indicates the advantage that one gender has over the other for instance when there is that assumption that once a female gets married, she will automatically change her last name and take up her husband last name (Fine, 2012).
Privileges that are race oriented- When one race is treated as better than another or regarded greater as this may make the race seen as less get infuriating (Fine, 2012).
Privileges that are social class oriented- This are privileges that only those in a certain social class get for instance the upper class may have advantages in club membership than those in the lower social class (Fine, 2012).
Privileges that are sexually oriented- This privilege is seen mostly when a person of a certain social orientation easily does something that another person of a different social orientation cannot do. For instance, it is easier for heterosexual couples to display affection publicly yet a gay, lesbian and transgendered people couple May not being in a position to do the same without racing eyebrows (Fine, 2012).
The above privileges are indeed invisible as most people focus on what they can see only, and they focus on for instance the color of the skin to determine whether they treat people the same or not. The invisible privileges are often ignored or go unnoticed as most people do not recognize the privileges they receive due to the certain race, a certain gender or even sexual orientation (Fine, 2012).

It is though no recognition of the difference in the society as well as the difference between people that there is the failure to see that people have different needs, assets as well as perspectives. Further power and privilege enable people to know that as much as there has an advantage in one area there is always that other area that their difference may not get appreciated by the same society that accepts the other privileges that they have. For instance, a Caucasian female in America may have race privileges but not gender privileges. Power and privilege importance are as it enables individuals to understand their stereotype as well as systems of advantage thus allowing them to get inclusive with coworkers, employees, and managers (Fine, 2012).

In Human Resource Management it is crucial to combine the understanding of certain systems that enable as well as allow for power and privilege as it is such a system that will allow the understanding and thus eliminate or try to minimize the issues that emerge from our difference in the society (Fine, 2012).

Advantages of diversity in the workplace
One of the best things that an organization can get is a workforce that is diverse where individual have the difference in perspective as this may mean that t6hwe organization profitability levels may go up, and it may also lead to better service offer to its customers. However rather than looking at diversity as a way of attaining numerical goals or just complying with the law, it is best to combine the concept to create a workplace that is much better for everyone in the organization. The following are some of the advantages of diversity in the workplace

Allows better service to customers- It is through diversity that an organization can offer better services to its customers as it will give a broader range of services, such as variety in languages as well as the understanding of the difference in culture (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000)
Allows for better communication- Diversity allows better communication between individuals in the organization allowing saves in time as well as money (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000).
Allow compliance with the law- It is commonly a legal requirement for most governments in the world to treat everyone the same regardless of their race, gender or sexual orientation (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000).
Allow for better ideas and solutions- It from the perspective of diversity that an organization can create ideas and solutions that are better for the benefit of the organization (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000).
The following are some of the disadvantages of diversity in the workplace

Contributes to discomfort among employees- Many employees feel that some changes are not necessary and may prefer maintaining a status quo and thus resist diversity as it brings them discomfort (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000).
Integration Issues- As much as social integration influence in an organization in a minimal way it still has a negative impact. It is through diversity that formation of cliques, as well as exclusive social groups, takes place, and the problems come in when the organization can no longer control the groups. These uncontrolled cliques further contribute to informal division in the staff thus creating situations where culturally diverse employees avoid exposure to each other during break times as well after work. As much as the scenario seems harmless there is a high chance that it hinders the effectiveness of knowledge sharing, experience, and skills, thus preventing growth and brings ineffectiveness in teams (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000).
Freedom of speech impairment- In the workplace diversity existence creates a barrier in the speech where workers that previously could tell jokes happily are forced to quell their exercise of the First Amendment Rights that they hold riotously all in the name of diversity (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000).
Relationships in the Workplace- Employees tend to feel less important when an organization main focus becomes diversity creation especially if the employees do not represent a typical diverse population that focus on race, sex, age as well as disability. The feeling of undervaluation and unappreciated that is purely by no representation of certain diversity may hinder employee’s productivity (Gilbert & Ivancevich, 2000).
Strategic HRM in the Workplace
Recruitment and Selection
Sometimes organizations do not intend to portray exclusiveness or even discriminate, but it is their practices that are illegal and discriminatory. For instance organizations such as Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) regards the publication of a job that description and shows the preference for a company of a person they wish to select and place in the organization as illegal. An organization can get an opportunity to get the person they want and still adhere to the law using methods such as four-fifths rule or 80% rule that are a qualitative method of evaluating discrimination in the practice of selection.

The rule states indicates that a rate of selection that has the race, sex or even ethnic group basis is less than four-fifths of the rate for them group with the highest rate could mean a diverse impact on the selection. Where adverse impact refers to a practice of employment that appears neutral but carries with its discriminatory effect on a group whose protection is hindered, for instance, the females, gays (Stone et al, 2007)

Testing
It is crucial for employees to get tested for the job, for instance an organization may undertake a personality test to hire, and this ensures that discrimination avoidance takes place, and the population is non-exclusion. Further, it is necessary to include a reasonable accommodation such as interpreter as long as it does not strain the organization financially it is needs granting.

It is also very crucial to determine the type of test offering and how it might leave out a certain group of people such as the non-English speakers (Stone et al, 2007).

Promotion and pay
In a multicultural and diverse situation, it is crucial for an organization to develop policies that are related to pay as well as promotions as such policies are key to fairness. Over the years, there has been a wide publication that women make 77 percent of what men earn for a similar position in an organization and the reasons for such difference in pay are

Some hours worked- There is a belief that women due to the family responsibility such as child-care as well as expectation housework work fewer hours than men (Stone et al, 2007).
Choice of occupation- Women tend to choose careers that pay much less as they are more concerned about balancing family and career (Stone et al, 2007).
Stereotypes- The concept of male bias is another possible contributor to the large difference in pay between men and women where most men are perceived more competent in certain types of jobs than women.
Maternity and family leave- In the workplace the women leaving the workplace for a period short or long affect the perception of promotion (Stone et al, 2007).
Salary and Negotiation- Previous research indicates that men are more likely to negotiate salary than women and a possible reason for the difference in pay between them (Stone et al, 2007).
Managers need awareness of the difference between the pay of men and women when hiring and promoting. At times, it requires a set of the payment schedule for all employees regardless of their gender and promoted employees. Further an organization can introduce mentor-mentee relationships where informal mentorship programs can take effect in the organization (Stone et al, 2007).

Affirmative Action
Affirmative action is government initiated, regulated as well as legislated and is distinctly different from multiculturalism and diversity as diversity is voluntary although government agencies may pressure organizations in certain circumstances to diversify their workforce. Affirmative action is driven legally, focused on the problems at hand, integrated and very proactive. It means using individual group’s identity as a standard for selection decisions (Stone et al, 2007).

Diversity training, as well as diversity programs, are crucial need not get basis from historical workplace where there were inequalities between men and women as well as with majority of the minority programs. Such focus mostly leads to a condescending atmosphere. However, it is crucial for affirmative action and diversity to take separate ways regardless of diversity having some antecedents in affirmative action (Stone et al, 2007).

Training
It is crucial for an organization to help employees buy-in and entails enabling staff as well as managers understand d the value of a diverse workforce and the management of diversity. Such training aims at bullying reduction, harassment cases and the increase in inclusion in activities for people with language, culture as well as disability needs. The training offered includes induction, but is also ongoing and very organic, adapting over time as new employees with different diversity join the organization (Stone et al, 2007).

Retention
It is crucial for the organization to realize that employees exiting a company have nothing to lose, and it is easy for them to give openly information regarding the organization’s activities. It was thus crucial to ensure diversity policies introduced in the organization create minimum resistance and thus ensure the reduction in the level of turnover (Stone et al, 2007).

Argument Evaluation Boston

Question
Ephron thinks it would be a good thing if more photographs of death and dying were published by newspapers (paras. 11-13). In a 2-3 page essay, summarize her reasons and evaluate them. Do you agree with Ephron? If so why? Do you disagree? If so, why not? Use specific examples to support your opinion.

There are many reasons that make newspaper editors publish photos of death and to die. Some people advocate for it, and others do not. According to the proponents, the pictures of people dying ought to be published in newspapers because death forms a major part of human life. On the contrary, the opponents argue that death should remain private and not published in newspapers (Anderson & Runciman, 2005). I agree that death and dying photographs should be published in newspapers since they are informative, cautionary, and a modern way of describing an incident.

Ephron thinks that showing photographs of death and dying in a published newspaper is good and gives various reasons as discussed. She explained that she never thought that printing corpses would raise the myriad of problems and the fact that people die her not understand why people avoid it. She thought that all kinds of pictures portrayed would be a good way of informing people of the incident and offer the needed help (Ephron, 171-172). She argued that the pictures deserved to be taken and printed since they are great pictures showing an incident that happened. It was not purposed to disturb readers, but to inform them of what happened in the failed attempt to rescue the two.

I agree with Ephron that pictures of death and dying ought to be published in newspapers and have valid reasons for it. In consideration to the incident that led to the death of the two subjects, the rescuers tried their best and demonstrated bravery in attempting to save the lives of the victims. As such, no blame would be laid on them since they acted promptly, but to no avail. The depiction of such photos provides evidence that action was taken. Additionally, it is possible that if more photographs of death and dying are published in newspapers, millions of people would learn critical lessons from the incidents. For instance, in a case of a car accident, readers of a published newspaper would learn the major causes of accidents and the need to avoid them. The readers would have second thoughts on the roads and drive with caution when they remember of some of the pictures of death and dying they saw in the newspaper from road accidents. According to Ephron, she did not recognize that the pictures would raise all sorts of problems about taste and sensationalism, but the fact is that people die. (Ephron, 113). Death is part of life and should be regarded in dignity, but it does not imply the failure to show it in newspapers.

I believe that photographs of death and dying are appropriate depending on the context and perspective of an issue. In most instances, readers are shown an aftermath of a death process and are left with unanswered questions about what led to the death. Thus, it would be appropriate to show pictures of death in action despite its connection to emotions and feelings. The use of pictures is a good way of depicting some aspects of death that are difficult to explain by words. As the saying goes, ‘a picture is worth a thousand words,’ it would be appropriate to depict death and dying using some photos other than using long emotional texts.